It is vital for the health of people and the planet that we rapidly and dramatically reduce the use of cars in cities. Cities need to enact policies that enable a shift from use of the automobile to sustainable and healthy modes such as walking, cycling, and public transport.
The gradual replacement of car trips by other modes should be an ongoing process with maximum priority. For example, removing parking places, eliminating car traffic lanes, and introducing congestion charges or other pricing inducements should go hand in hand with improving pedestrian and cycling infrastructure and public transport efficiency. A program of pedestrianizing streets would bring immediate benefits.