Modal Shift Requires Concrete Measures
Modal shift should be enshrined in any city's future vision or planning. If a city is willing to invest in improved conditions for walking, cycling, and public transport infrastructure, it also needs to include concrete measures for reduction of automobile trips.
Cities that actively invest both in sustainable modes of travel and automobile infrastructure display an incompatible model of development. They may claim to be sustainable due to the inclusion of some funding for pedestrian/cycling infrastructure, while still channeling the majority of funding to car infrastructure. Cities that want to become truly sustainable should put their money where their mouth is.